An Overview of Ministroke in Senior Citizens
The concept of “ministroke” is still interpreted differently. Some people think that this is the dying off of a microscopic part of the brain, while others think that this is a condition when an insufficient amount of blood temporarily goes to some (not necessarily small) area of the brain. Doctors officially declare: micro stroke is a household name for a temporary, lasting less than 24 hours, lack of oxygen in a separate part of the brain. In the medical vocabulary, this is called a transient cerebral circulation disorder (PNMK). A transient violation of cerebral circulation is divided into 3 types, the main of which is a transient ischemic attack (TIA). Basically, it is called a ministroke.
The term “TIA” stands for:
transient – it means temporary;
ischemic – means that the area of the brain lacks oxygen;
attack – that is, a sharply developed state.
That is, a separate part of the brain stops receiving the amount of oxygen it needs for work, but this situation lasts a short time (from several minutes to 24 hours). At the same time, a certain amount of oxygen is supplied, so the cells that make up this area of the brain suffer, but do not die. This is the difference between ministroke and “big” (“real”) stroke.
The first signs of a ministroke:
Sometimes the body warns a person that soon there will be a violation of blood circulation in the brain. It does this with such “signal” symptoms as:
headache that builds up;
numbness of the hands, feet, or parts of the face;
sharp loss of coordination;
the loss of the thread of the narration – a person stops in mid-sentence or begins to react inadequately to words;
black dots or flashes before eyes;
goosebumps on the skin.
These symptoms do not appear in all patients.
Prevention of micro-strokes:
Avoid smoking and consumption of alcohol.
Do not eat fatty (especially fried) foods.
Maintain sugar levels within normal limits.
Monitor blood pressure. When it rises at rest above 140/95 mm Hg. more often than 1 time, you need to contact the therapist to determine the causes of this condition and treatment.
Annually examine the condition of the heart, and if necessary, treat it.
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